Physical characteristics of cashew tree
The cajazeira is a large and very leafy tree, reaching up to 25 meters in height. Its stem is covered with a thick bark, while the leaves are dark green and paired with five to nine of them in each follicle. Its flowers are fragrant and arranged in large terminal panicles.
The fruit is edible and very nutritious. Its color is orange-yellow and the pulp is resinous. It can usually be used in the preparation of juices or to be eaten fresh. However, it is a little acidic.
Depending on the region, cajazeira may also be known by other names, such as taperebazeiro, macucu, cajá, cajá-mirim, cajá-manga, taperebá, tamacoaré, sawed tamaquaré, acaiamiri, acaíba and cajá-miúdo.
Cajazeira has many medicinal properties, among the best known are related to its anti-inflammatory, anti-hemorrhoid, antiblenorrhagic, antidiarrheal, antileukoreic, antimicrobial, antiviral, diuretic, stomachic, febrile and cardiac effects.
Thus, the plant can be used to combat various diseases: conjunctivitis, diarrhea, dysentery, erysipelas, hematoma, hemorrhoids, eye inflammation, urine retention, cardiac tonic and spasmodic vomiting.
form of use
Due to its versatility, the plant can be used in several different ways, from infusion, with the preparation of teas using the root, leaves and flowers; decoction; even the manufacture of juices and ice cream. Remembering that, depending on the disease being treated, the use of the part of the plant can follow different guidelines.
The bark decoction is used to treat bruises, emetics, astringents, vomiting (bilious and marsh fevers), diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrheas and hemorrhoids. While the decoction of seeds helps in urinary retention. To solve the problems of inflammation of the eyes, conjunctivitis and heart, the preparation must be based on the infusion of flowers.
The infusion of flowers is used to treat stomach pain, constipation, and bilious fevers. Root decoction is indicated for diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, gonorrhea and vaginal discharge.
The tea from the leaves and flowers of the cajazeira serves as a reliever stomach pain, cystitis, sore throat, relax muscles and stimulate the proper functioning of the body.
To prepare it, just put 200 ml of water to boil and place a tablespoon of leaves and flowers from the ground cashew tree with the water. Bring to a boil for three minutes, turn off the heat and let it boil for another 10 minutes. After this time, use a sieve to separate the residues. If you prefer, add a little honey to sweeten it.
It is recommended that tea intake does not exceed three daily dosages.