While we know that dandruff is not a serious health problem, it certainly causes a lot of embarrassment. Humans, like snakes, continually shed the outer layers of dead skin. When these cells detach from the scalp too quickly, dandruff appears.Among the various possible causes are stress, hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands and seborrheic dermatitis – an itchy, scaly rash that can affect the face, chest and scalp. Evidence suggests that dandruff is often caused by the proliferation of a common fungus called pityrosporum orbiculare . The microorganism feeds on skin oils, which may explain why people with oily hair tend to have more dandruff.

How to get rid of dandruff?

To eliminate this discomfort, try to use the right shampoo. Look for those that contain selenium sulfide, tar, ketoconazole or zinc pyrithione. You can also prepare at home a scalp solution that prevents fungus, a frequent cause of the condition, and reduces that terrible itchiness.

Hydroust wash

Make an anti-dandruff rinse with goldenseal, which contains berberine, a powerful antibacterial and antifungal. Cover two teaspoons of the sliced ​​root with a cup of boiling water. Leave to infuse, strain and allow to cool. Use to rinse hair whenever you like.

rosemary tea

Rosemary tea fights bacteria and fungi, and is much easier to find than goldenseal. Mix a cup of boiling water with a teaspoon of sliced ​​rosemary. Let it sit for a few minutes and then strain. Use this liquid to rinse your hair once a day. If you notice any kind of skin irritation, try changing it to another remedy.

Bay leaf tea

Another good anti-dandruff rinse can be done with bay leaf tea. Pour a handful of the crushed leaves into a liter of very hot water, cover and let it steep for, on average, 20 minutes. Strain, wait to cool and apply. You can leave it on the hair for an hour before rinsing.

When should I see a doctor?

Dandruff generally responds to self-treatment. Therefore, wait for home remedies or anti-dandruff shampoos to act for two weeks. See your doctor if there is no improvement, or if you feel itchy severely, and your scalp is red and irritated.

It’s also good to hear your doctor’s opinion if you notice coarse scales, yellowish scabs, or red spots on the hairline on your neck. These symptoms suggest seborrheic dermatitis, a condition that requires medical supervision and proper treatment.