Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the Varicella-Zoster virus and, therefore, it is also called Chickenpox. One of the best-known symptoms is the large number of blister- shaped sores on the skin .
It is one of the most easily transmitted diseases , as the virus is transmitted through skin contact and, mainly, through the air through coughing and sneezing.
The infectious disease physician Marina Malacarne says that, despite being highly contagious, chickenpox is a benign pathology and is more common during childhood. “Any non-immune person can become infected, but unvaccinated children are the main target”, he says.
chicken pox teas
Some teas can be used as homemade adjuvants to help relieve the symptoms of chickenpox.
The pharmacist, professor and coordinator of the postgraduate course in Clinical Phytotherapy at the Oswaldo Cruz and UNIP Colleges, Nilsa Yamashita Wadt, cites which are the best teas for this case:
The elderflower infusion is the herbal treatment traditionally chosen to help fight fever and skin rashes caused by chickenpox.
To make, place 1 tablespoon of dried elderflower flowers in a cup of boiling water and let stand and macerate for 10 minutes. Then just strain and drink. The recommendation is to drink three cups of elderberry tea daily.
“Chickenpox is viral, so the use of elderberry is more used, as it increases sweating and improves the immune system”, reinforces Nilsa. However, she points out that the part of the herb that should be used are the flowers. And attention, for indoor use, elderberries should only be consumed dry, as fresh grass can be toxic.
In addition to its classic calming effect, chamomile also has an anti-inflammatory action and helps in the treatment of wounds and inflammation.
“This tea can be used both to pass on skin lesions caused by chickenpox, as well as to drink”, adds Nilsa.
To make, place 2-3 teaspoons of dried chamomile flowers in 500 ml of hot water. Cover the pan and let it rest for about 10 minutes. Then just strain and drink or use in the bath. The recommendation, in this case, is also to drink up to 3 cups a day.
According to Nilsa, linden tea helps in cases of viral illnesses , both at milder levels, such as colds, and at more serious levels, such as measles and chickenpox.
The properties of linden include its expectorant , calming, antispasmodic, digestive, emollient, diuretic and sweating action, which makes it recommendable for feverish conditions.
To prepare, bring 1 liter of water to the fire and, as soon as it boils, turn it off. Then add two tablespoons of the linden flowers, cover the pan and let it rest for 10 minutes. Then just strain and drink. It is recommended to consume 2 to 3 cups of lime tea a day.
Teas that should be avoided
Nilsa also warns about some precautions with teas: “In this case of chickenpox, be careful with herbs that can cause more itching. The willow tea , for example, can help reduce fever, but as has salicylic acid (precursor of acetylsalicylic acid) some children may be allergic, and dengue cases, can also be problematic. “
See also: Teas to help treat chickenpox
And attention! As it is an infectious and contagious disease, the first step for those who contract chickenpox is to seek medical help immediately.
Therefore, always ask your trusted doctor if he indicates the consumption and use of teas in this case. Even because, the use of herbs must always be indicated by a specialist and with the correct guidance.
Home Remedies for Chickenpox
In addition to teas, the quality of food is also very important. A natural diet can help all infectious diseases.
“A diet rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals from foods in the most natural state possible is of paramount importance for patients with active infection. Foods like pineapple and honey are anti-inflammatory and help a lot. Coriander and carrots are used as a remedy for chickenpox in many countries,” says infectologist Marina Malacarne.
Another option is the bath with potassium permanganate , the famous pink bath; a very common treatment a few years ago, but it is still effective. “It acts as an adjuvant for its bactericidal effect and wound healing. It helps prevent an overlapping bacterial infection, that is, skin bacteria invading the viral lesions”, explains the doctor.
Chickenpox Symptoms and Treatment
Marina says that the main symptoms of chickenpox are fever between 37.5° and 39.5°, malaise, body pain, lack of appetite, headache and tiredness.
“This happens in the first 48 hours. After that, skin lesions appear in the form of reddish spots with small blisters or vesicles filled with fluid, on which, later, crusts will form, causing a lot of itching ”, adds the professional.
Chickenpox treatment lasts, on average, 7 to 10 days. It is primarily aimed at alleviating symptoms, as like other virus-borne illnesses, there is not much you can do. What is really important is to avoid contamination of the lesions by bacteria, which complicates the situation.
Therefore, doctors can recommend some medications for fever, pain and itching. A medical evaluation is the best procedure to be followed, as there are different manifestations of the disease, requiring different care for each case.
Tips and recommendations
Anyone with chickenpox needs to follow some important recommendations. Marina lists the main measures to be taken: “ isolation of all those who are not vaccinated or who have never had chickenpox, until the lesions heal; do not scratch or excoriate the skin; stay at rest and eat as naturally as possible, avoiding any type of processed foods and animal foods”.
It is also important to clean surfaces and objects that have come into contact with the patient, as transmission of chickenpox occurs through the air, through direct contact with the skin, or through sharing clothing and objects contaminated by the secretions of chickenpox bubbles.
To avoid scratching the wounds, the recommendation is to keep the nails well trimmed and pass a cotton ball with filtered water or boricaded water in the affected region . Itching is dangerous as it can lead to bacterial infections. If it doesn’t go away at all, you should go to the doctor, who will indicate the best anti-allergic.
Other tips are:
- Drink plenty of fluids such as water or coconut water
- Don’t tear off the scabs that form when the wounds regress
- In case the chickenpox is in the mouth or throat, avoid very hot, salty or acidic foods.
- Give preference to loose-fitting cotton clothes to avoid sweating
- Be careful with using toothpaste, ointments or creams directly on wounds. Consult a doctor before applying any substance to the skin.
How to avoid contamination?
Despite not having much to do to protect yourself from chickenpox, some attitudes can reduce the chances of contamination of the disease.
“Those who already had it, don’t need to worry, but for those who haven’t, vaccination is very important to avoid contagion. Food and exercise are also always welcome to keep the immune system active”, guides the infectious disease specialist.
The Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP) and the Brazilian Society of Immunizations (SBIm) recommend two doses of chickenpox vaccine: the first at 12 months and the next between 15 and 24 months of age. For older children, teenagers and susceptible adults, two doses are indicated with an interval of one to two months.